Music in English

Let’s practise a bit the musical symbols in English:

 English note names:

However, Germany uses the same letters and an H, the H is used for SI and B is used for SI flat (SI bemoll)

Staff = Pentagrama

Staff is the fundamental latticework of music notation, upon which the symbols are placed. It contains 5 lines and 4 intervening spaces.
Bar line or Barline = Barra

Bar line or Barlin: A vertical line on the staff to separate measures in a composition.
Double bar line or double barline = doble barra

Double bar line or doblue barline: Used to extend the staff to pitches that fall above or below it. Such ledger lines are placed behind the note heads, and extend a small distance to each side. Multiple ledger lines can be used when necessary to notate pitches even farther above or below the staff.
Bold double bar line or Bold double barline = Doble barra final

Bold double bar line or Bold double barline: Used to separate two sections of music or placed before a change in key signature.
 Ledger or ledger lines = Línies adicionals
 
Ledger or ledger lines: Used to extend the staff to pitches that fall above or below it. Such ledger lines are placed behind the note heads, and extend a small distance to each side. Multiple ledger lines can be used when necessary to notate pitches even farther above or below the staff.
G clef or Treble clef = Clau de Sol
 F clef or Bass clef = Clau de Fa
C clef = Clau de Do
Measure = Compàs (entre dos barres)
 Measure: The space between one bar and the next
Time signature = Compàs (indicació de compàs)
Semibreve (US) / Whole note (UK) = Rodona
Minim (US) / Half note (UK) = Blanca
Crotchet (US) / Quarter note (UK) = Negra
Quaver (US) / Eighth note (UK) = Corxera
Semiquaver (US) / Sixteenth note (UK) = Semicorxera
Demisemiquaver (US) / Thirty-second note (UK) = Fusa
Hemidemisemiquaver (US) / Sixty-fourth note (UK) = Semifusa
Dotted note = Puntet

Triplet = Treset

Tie = Lligadura


Tie: Indicates that the two (or more) notes joined together are to be played as one note with the time values added together. To be a tie, the notes must be identical; that is, they must be on the same line or the same space; otherwise, it is a slur (see below).
Rest = Silenci
Rest: A symbol used to indicate silence in music.
Rhythym = Ritme
Beat = PulsacióBeat: A musical pulse or unit of time / the steady pulse of music.
Flat = Bemoll

Flat: a symbol written to the left of a note that lowers the pitch by a half step.
Sharp = Sostingut o diesi

Sharp: a symbol written to the left of a note that raises the pitch by a half step.
Natural = Natural o becaire
100px-Music-natural.svg
Cancels a previous accidental, or modifies the pitch of a sharp or flat as defined by the prevailing key signature.
Key signature = Armadura
 
Flat key signature
Lowers by a semitone the pitch of notes on the corresponding line or space, and all octaves thereof, thus defining the prevailing major or minor key.
Sharp key signature
Raises by a semitone the pitch of notes on the corresponding line or space, and all octaves thereof, thus defining the prevailing major or minor key.
Fermata: Calderó

A note, chord, or rest sustained longer than its customary value. Usually appears over all parts at
Chord: Acord

Several notes sounded simultaneously (“solid” or “block”), or in succession (“broken”). Two-note chords are called dyad; three-note chords are called triads. A chord may contain any number of notes.

Musical instruments in English:

Conductor: director d’orquestra

String instruments: Instruments de corda

Violin: Violí

Viola: Viola

Cello: Violoncel

Contrabass: Contrabaix

Harp: Arpa

Woodwind instruments: Instruments de vent-fusta

Piccolo: Flautí

Flute: Flauta travessera

Oboe: Oboè

English horn: Corn anglès

Clarinet: Clarinet

Bass clarinet: Clarinet baix

Basson: Fagot

Contrabasson: Contrafagot

Brass instruments: Instrments de vent-metall

Horm: Trompa

Trumpet: Trompeta

Valve trombone: Trombó de pistons

Trombone: Trombó de vares

Tuba: Tuba

Saxophone: Saxòfon

Percussion instruments: Instruments de percusió

Timpani or Kettledrum: Timbales

Tom-Toms / Mounted toms / Right and Left Tom / Middle and High Tom: Timbales (de bateria)

Bass drum: Bombo

Snare drum: Caixa

Ride cymbal: Plat

Triangle: Triangle

Xylophone: Xilòfon

Vibraphone: vibràfon

Tubular bells: Campanes tubulars

Bongos: Bongos

Maracas: Maraques

Hit hat: Xarles

Gong: Gong

Marimba: Marimba

Cuica: Cuica

Mirliton or Kazoo: Nunut o Mirlitó

Recorder: Flauta de bec o flauta dolça

kalimba: Kalimba

Drums: Bateria

Floor tom-tom: Goliat

Hit-hat: Xarles

China blocks: Blocs xinesos

Hanging toms: timbales de bateria

Castanets: Castanyoles

Jew’s harp: Guimbarda

Glass harmonica, glass armonica, bowl organ, hydrocrystalophone, or armonica: Harmònica de cristall

Glass arp, musical glasses or singing glasses: copes afinades

Tambourine: Pandereta

Djembe: Djembé

Darbukka: Darbukka

Bendir: Bendir

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